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woman curious about the different types of abortion

What Are the Different Types of Abortion?

There are two main types of abortion: medical (also known as the “abortion pill”) and surgical. 

Medical abortion is only FDA-approved if your pregnancy is 10 weeks gestation or under, while surgical abortion is typically performed later in pregnancy.

Both types of abortion come with risks, so it’s critical to learn all you can before making this decision. This article will explore the essentials you need to know before considering abortion. But if you’re looking to talk to someone about your pregnancy options or learn more about free resources, contact Lamb of God Maternity Home to schedule a free, confidential appointment. 

Medical Abortion

Medical abortion involves taking two powerful drugs that work together to terminate and expel a pregnancy from your body. 

The first drug, mifepristone, blocks the hormone progesterone. Without this hormone, your uterine lining loosens, and the pregnancy detaches and ends. 

The second drug, misoprostol, causes your uterus to contract, which expels your pregnancy from your uterus and out through your vagina. 

After taking these drugs, you will experience vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping. Some women have reported feeling severe pain that they weren’t prepared for. 

These drugs also come with risks to your health. Risks are rare but can be severe and include:

  • Incomplete abortion, which is when parts of the pregnancy remain in your uterus
  • Heavy and prolonged bleeding
  • Infection
  • Fever
  • Digestive system discomfort

Surgical Abortion

Surgical abortion involves dilating the cervix so that medical instruments, like strong suction and scraping tools, can enter the uterus to terminate and remove the pregnancy. 

Surgical abortion comes with the following risks:

  • Uterine perforation, which is when the medical instruments poke a hole in your uterus
  • Uterine scarring (which can cause painful periods and future infertility)
  • Cervical damage
  • Infection

You’re Not Alone

No matter what choice you’re considering, we’re here for you. You don’t have to face this alone. 
We are a safe and supportive space for you to explore your options and feel encouraged and cared for. Before making a decision, contact us today to learn about all the resources that are here to help.

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